Research achievements

The Centre also takes part in a number of projects and international research networks and benefits from a number of Belgian and EU funding streams. The projects cover the Centre’s research interests.

 

1/ European criminal area
2/ The protection of rights and freedoms in Europe and in the world
3/ Institutional law, economic law and external relations law
4/ Asylum and immigration

 

1/ European criminal area

 

The following research achievements of the ECLAN network can be highlighted:

 

We would like to highlight the following colloquia and conferences :

 

In connection with these topics, the Centre for European Law has been involved, via Anne Weyembergh, in several major European projects:

  • “Framework Contract on Impact Assessment, Evaluation and Evaluation related services in the policy areas under the responsibility of DG Justice and Consumers“ (Lot 1) (May 2016 – for a period of 24 months): consortium composed of Deloitte, the college of Bruges and ECLAN (ULB).
  • “Framework Contract on Impact Assessment, Evaluation and Evaluation related services in the area of Migration and Home Affairs“ (November 2015 – for a period of 24 months): consortium composed of Deloitte, Odysseus and ECLAN (ULB).
  • Geconcerteerde Onderzoeksacties (GOA), “Constitutional European Criminal Law after Lisbon and Stockholm. In Search of a Foundation Respectful of Human Rights“, 2011-2016.
  • FP7 SURVEILLE project, “Surveillance: ethical issues, legal limitations and efficiency“, February 2012 – May 2015.
  • Cooptofight project: “The fight against trafficking in human beings in the EU: promoting legal cooperation and victims’ protection“, December 2011-November 2013 (project financed by the EU – Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme).
  • FNRS project: “L’Union européenne et la prévention du terrorisme: impact sur le droit pénal et la redéfinition de la relation entre le droit pénal européen et les droits pénaux nationaux“, 2010-2014.
  • “Development of ECLAN – Phase II“, September 2010-August 2012 (project cofinanced by the EU – criminal justice programme, by Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice and by the IEE-ULB).
  • “Analyse de l’avenir de la reconnaissance mutuelle en matière pénale dans l’Union européenne“, November 2007-November 2008 (financed by the EU – Call for tenders JLS/D3/2007/03).
  • “Copen-Training II“, December 2007 – August 2009 (co–financed by the EU – criminal justice programme, by Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice and by the Institut Universitaire International Luxembourg (IUIL)). The project aims to update and develop the standard training programme in the area of judicial criminal cooperation, as a part of the “Copen-training I“ project.
  • “Elaboration d’un modèle standard d’évaluation de la mise en œuvre et de l’impact des instruments de l’UE développés dans le cadre du Titre VI du Traité de l’Union européenne“, December 2006-November 2007 (cofinanced by the EU – Agis programme, Belgium’s Ministry of Justice and Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice).
  • “Programme standard de formation judiciaire sur la coopération pénale dans l’Union européenne“ (“Copen-training I“), December 2005 – November 2006 (co-financed by the EU – Agis programme and Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice).
  • “Creation of an academic network in the field of European criminal law“, December 2004-November 2005 (co-financed by the EU – Agis programme and Luxembourg’s Ministry of Justice).

 

ECLAN (and the ECLAN Brussels team) has also been involved in the following projects as a consultant for the European Commission (DG Home Affairs, DG Justice and OLAF):

  • “Study on minimum sanctions in the EU Member States“ (academic coordinator: Robert Kert) (2014 – 2015), in partnership with ECORYS.
  • “Evaluation of the Legal Framework Applicable to Combating Terrorism in the EU Member States“, European Commission, DG Home Affairs, (December 2012- June 2013), in partnership with CSES.
  • “Study on the impact of strengthening of administrative and criminal law procedural rules for the protection of the EU financial interests“; European Commission, OLAF (August 2012-March 2013).
  • “Impact assessment on a new legislative instrument replacing the Council Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA on illicit drug trafficking“ (September 2011 – October 2012).
  • “Study on the impact of the different policy options to protect the financial interest of the Union by means of criminal law, including the possibility of establishing a European public prosecutor’s office (EPPO)“ (April 2012 – November 2012).
  • OLAF project on the “development of an EU evaluation mechanism in the area of anti-corruption with a particular focus on identifying and reducing the costs of corruption in Public Procurement involving EU Funds“, (March-April 2012).

 

2/ The protection of human rights in Europe and in the world

 

In connection with these topics, the Centre for European Law is (or has been) involved, via Emmanuelle Bribosia, in several major European projects financed by framework programmes of the European Union or by the Belgian authorities which are listed in this section:

  • The Global Challenge of Human Rights Integration: Towards a User’s Perspective (Pôle d’Attraction Interuniversitaire, 2012-2017). This project brings together the following universities: UGent (coordinator), FUSL, ULB, UA, VUB and Utrecht University (2012 – 2017).
  • MEDIADEM: European Media Policies Revisited : Valuing and Reclaiming Free and Independent Media in Contemporary Democratic Systems (EU, FP7, 2010-2013).
  • JURISTRAS: The Strasbourg Court, Democracy and the Human Rights of Individuals and Communities : Patterns of Litigation, State Implementation and Domestic Reform (EU, FP6, 2006-2009).

 

At the intersection of the ‘fundamental rights’ and ‘asylum and immigration’ research areas, the Centre for European Law has also taken an active part in two ‘action de recherche concertée’ (ARC) [research programmes] financed by the Wallonia-Brussels Federation:

 

  • ARC “Sous le signe du mérite et de la conformité culturelle Les nouvelles politiques d’intégration et d’immigration en Europe“ (2012-2017). Emmanuelle Bribosia is one of the co-supervisors, together with Andrea Rea, Assaad Azzi, Dirk Jacobs, Isabelle Rorive, Laurent Licata, Jean-Benoît Pilet and Gilles Van Hamme, IGEAT.
  • ARC “L’Etranger et l’Autre à l’épreuve des transformations normatives et identitaires en Europe“, introduced by the “Migration, asile, multiculturalisme“ (MAM) [Migration, Asylum, Multiculturalism] crossdisciplinary research centre. (2006-2011). Emmanuelle Bribosia and Philippe De Bruycker were two of eight co-supervisors. This crossdisciplinary project entailing a partnership with the Faculty of Sociological and Political Sciences, the Law Faculty and the Psychology Faculty, allowed three PhD students and two postdoctoral researchers to be taken on.

 

In addition to a number of publications, among the research achievements of this field of research we would like to highlight the organisation of a number of international colloquia and conferences, such as for example:

  • Organisation with the other stakeholders in the PAI project (for more information, see above) “The Global Challenge of Human Rights Integration : Towards a user’s perspective“, 9-11 December 2015 (Ghent University).
  • Organisation, Third Annual International Conference of the Berkeley Comparative & Antidiscrimination Law Study Group, May 2014, Institut d’études européennes, ULB.
  • Organisation, jointly with the Perelman Centre of Legal Philosophy, of a colloquium: “Les principes généraux du droit et la montée en puissance du juge : le cas de la non-discrimination“, 28 September 2012.
  • Organisation, in partnership with Isabelle Rorive (Perelman Centre of Legal Philosophy, ULB), Andrea Rea (Centre MAM and Germe – ULB), Johanne Poirier (European Public Law Centre and Centre MAM – ULB), Ilke Adam (Institute for European Studies – VUB) and Gilly Coenen (RHEA – VUB), of an international interdisciplinary colloquium : “L’accommodement raisonnable de la religion en Belgique et au Canada”, 26 et 27 April 2012, ULB.
  • Organisation of the final colloquium as part of the ARC research project: “L’étranger et l’autre à l’épreuve des transformations normatives et identitaires en Europe“, Migration, Ethnicisation and the Challenge of Diversity: The “Others” in Europe and Beyond, Brussels, ULB, 28 and 29 April 2011.
  • Organisation of the conference of Professor David Oppenheimer, “Affirmative action in Employment in the US“, as part of the ARC research project: “L’étranger et l’autre à l’épreuve des transformations normatives et identitaires en Europe“, IEE, 13 December 2010.
  • Organisation of the seminar for the presentation of Mediadem, 6 December 2010.
  • Organisation of the sixth (final) consortium meeting of the JURISTRAS project financed by the sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission, Strasbourg, 17-18 June 2009. A collaborative publication was produced based on this colloquium (L’Europe des Cours. Loyautés et résistances, E. Bribosia, L. Scheeck et A. Ubeda de Torres (dir.), 2010, Bruxelles, Bruylant, in the “Penser le Droit“ collection).
  • Organisation of a seminar to disseminate the results of the “JURISTRAS – The Strasbourg Court, Democracy and the Human Rights of individuals and communities: patterns of litigation, state implementation and domestic reform“ research project, ULB Institute for European Studies, Brussels, 2 April 2009.
  • Co-organisation at the research level of the international seminar: “The Other in Europe: social and legal categorisation in context”, within the framework of the ARC project “L’étranger et l’autre à l’épreuve des transformations normatives et identitaires en Europe”, ULB, Institute of Sociology, Brussels, 6 March 2009.
  • Organisation, at the ULB Institute for European studies, in September 2007 (in partnership with Laurent Scheeck et Luca Barani, from the politics department of the IEE and Amaya Ubeda de Torres), of an international colloquium entitled “L’Europe des Cours : loyautés et résistances”.

 

3/ Institutional law, economic law and external relations law

The research achievements relating to this field of research include:

  • The ARC project (2008-2013) “Market Evolution Competition and Policy: Theory and Evidence“, which Marianne Dony, Jean François Bellis and Denis Waelbroeck have taken part in together with several economists who are members of ECARES (P. Legros, E. Cantillon and G. Kirchsteiger).
  • The publication of research entitled “Free Movement of Goods in the European Union under Articles 34 to 36 TFEU“ (Hart Publishing, 2010) by Peter Oliver and six coauthors.

The supervision, by Marianne Dony, of the book “Ordre juridique de l’Union et contentieux européen” in the framework of the Commentaire J. Mégret.

 

4/ Asylum and immigration

Among the Odysseus network’s research achievements, we would like to highlight:

The publication , since 2001, of a dozen collaborative works and the organisation of European conferences on the following issues: regularising illegal immigrants, subsidiary protection of refugees, the emergence of a European immigration policy, a state of play on the Treaty of Amsterdam on immigration and asylum, EU law update on immigration and asylum, the future of the free movement of people in the EU, external aspects of the EU’s immigration and asylum law and policy, setting up a common European asylum system, the vulnerability of asylum in European law and solidarity between EU member states in terms of asylum and borders.

Carrying out, for the European Commission, several comparative studies on the transposition of directives relating to immigration and asylum (in particular a study of ten directives in 2007-2008 that brought together 120 legal experts from across the EU that drew up 270 national reports in one year, ten summary reports and a general report which later served as a basis for Commission reports for the attention of the Parliament and the Council).

Organising an annual summer course entitled “EU Law and Policy on Immigration and Asylum in Europe“ which has been attracting around 120 participants (in a Francophone and an Anglophone group) every year since 2001.